An 11 1/2 minute captioned multimedia presentation at http://www.webaim.org/info/asdvideo/
features college students with a variety of disabilities. They explain
the educational technology related obstacles we see them encounter, as
well as what works best for them and why. The presentation is offered
in several media formats, and there is a separate text transcription
available from the same page. Note: To view captions using the Windows
Media Player, you may have to enable this feature through the VIEW menu.
The U.S. Department of Education has a PowerPoint presentation on the web called "People With Disabilities in the Federal Workforce." Select from choices at http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocio/feddisabilitites/index.html
to view it as a powerpoint slide show, a pdf file, or as html. To
select html, pick the first entry in the list of slides, and then
navigate using the arrows on that slide.
Utah State University's Accomodating Students With Disabilities (ASD) offers sample videos and demos on their web site at http://asd.usu.edu/demo/index.html .
A valuable overview for project planning is the brochure produced by the University of Washington - "Designing Your Project to Be Accessible to All Participants," at http://www.washington.edu/doit/Brochures/Programs/design.html.
Overview of Technology Issues
The following sites are useful for an overview as well as for the variety of FREE detailed information they provide.
"Left Out Online: Electronic media should be a boon for people with disabilities, but few colleges embrace the many new technologies that could help."
From the WebAIM site as of November 2002:
"...Web Accessibility In Mind (WebAIM) is administered through a grant provided by the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) Learning Anywhere Anytime Partnerships (LAAP). Our goal is to improve accessibility to online learning opportunities for all people; in particular to improve accessibility for individuals with disabilities who currently may have a difficult time getting access to postsecondary online learning opportunities..."
Are you creating materials for your students and want to understand how to provide accessible materials? Solutions on this site.
Jim Thatcher worked for IBM for 37 years [1963 - 2000], with 15 years "devoted to assistive technology and accessibility." See especially the free tutorials on this site.
While some access tools can be controlled by the users, they just don't work if what they are trying to read and interpret is not created in an accessible way. Access success presupposes utilization of often simple techniques by developers, and some even then require specialized software on the user end. The following are relatively new attempts to reduce problems of accessibility for people with disabilities.
Microsoft's tutorials on basic accessibility options for Microsoft products are available at http://www.microsoft.com/enable/training/default.aspx .
If a specific PDF document has been CREATED using a version of Acrobat that supports accessibility features, and using those options that implement those accessibility features, the following instructions can help a user use those accessibility features and have access to those documents. Otherwise, while pdf files have their advantages, they are INACCESSIBLE. See instructions at http://www.webaim.org/techniques/acrobat/reader.php#intro for the user with disabilities, and instructions at http://www.adobe.com/enterprise/accessibility/creating.html for those who need to create accessible content using Acrobat.
NYC Information (see also NYC Law - below)
More on library accessibility is on our library resource page.
This tutorial is free to members of the American Library Association (ALA), and is offered periodically. The archived tutorial is at http://www.ala.org/ala/washoff/oitp/emailtutorials/accessibilitya/accessibility.htm .
New York City Law
New York State Law
- Local Law 58 / Accessibility Amendments to the City's Building Code
- The Mayors Office for People With Disabilities lists related city, state and federal laws at http://www.nyc.gov/html/mopd/html/benefits_laws.html
- New York State's Technology Policy 99-3: Universal Access for NYS Web Sites, Sept. 30, 1999 (Supplement to 96-13), at http://www.irm.state.ny.us/policy/99-3.htm. From the site:"...The purpose of this technology policy is to require that all New York State agencies' web sites provide universal accessibility to persons with disabilities..."
- IMPORTANT June 2004 accessible format details from NYS at http://www.oft.state.ny.us/policy/s04-001/index.htm . Further updates from NYS at http://www.oft.state.ny.us/policy/p04-002/index.htm.
Although we haven't seen an implementation plan, a recent modification to Chapter 219 of NYS law is related to accessibility of college level textbooks. This is described on NY State's Vesid site at http://www.vesid.nysed.gov/lsn/stvnews/fall03.htm :
New NYS Law Improves Access to College Level Textbooks! Effective January 5, 2004, the NYS Education law is amended to add a new article 15B, section 715 requiring publishers and manufacturers of instructional materials for students attending college in NYS to also make available, at comparable cost to the printed version, electronic versions of printed instructional materials. Senator Paterson, one of the bill's sponsors, writes, "All students, including those with physical disabilities, deserve an equal [opportunity] to excel at their post-secondary education. This legislation is intended to ensure that students with disabilities attending a post-secondary institution in New York State have the same resources available to them as students without disabilities." To read the Senate bill, go to http://www.senate.state.ny.us, click on Bills & Laws and search for Bill S3306-A.
- Press release from Attorney General Elliot Spitzer, NYS, August 2004, at http://www.oag.state.ny.us/press/2004/aug/aug19a_04.html:
".... Attorney General Eliot Spitzer today announced settlements with two major travel web sites that will make the sites far more accessible to blind and visually impaired users...The Attorney General opined that the Americans With Disabilities Act requires that private web sites be accessible to blind and visually impaired Internet users..." From the same press release: ..." The Attorney General also extended his thanks to the American Foundation for the Blind, for its invaluable assistance, as well as to the Baruch College Computer Center for Visually Impaired People..."
- New York State Higher Education E-Text Training Workshops - Local workshops were offered in Manhattan June 30, 2005. Information and registration was available at http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/extension/ped/northeastADA/EtextWorkshop.html . From a flier about the program:
"...On July 29, 2003, New York State Education Law was amended by adding a new section 715 to implement Chapter 219 of the Laws of 2003. This law requires publishers and manufacturers of instructional materials that are essential to a student’s success in the course of collegiate study to be made available in alternate formats in a timely manner. This law took effect August 15, 2004...
...The purpose of these training workshops is to update appropriate college personnel (staff that work with students with disabilities and information technology staff) on their responsibility to provide effective alternate format materials and how to effectively work with publishers in implementing the new law."
Information about the law is available at http://www.highered.nysed.gov/Quality_Assurance/law/chap219instructdisabilities.htm . .
US Government Law
Section 508 Requirements for Electronic Accessibility for People with Disabilities
More on Section 508 Requirements for Electronic Accessibility for People with Disabilities
Electronic and Information Technology Access Advisory Committee / Final Report - May 12, 1999. From the site:"...A separate law, the Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988, later replaced by the Assistive Technology Act of 1998, and now known as the AT Act, has required states to provide assurances of their compliance with Section 508 as a condition to receiving Federal funds for their technology assistance programs. Although all of the states have submitted such assurances, the lack of Federal efforts to enforce Section 508's provisions has put the value of these assurances into question. The new Section 508 standards will provide much needed guidance to ensure compliance with these assurances..."http://www.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/assistivetech.html
US Dept of Education's Requirements for Accessible Electronic and Information Technology Design
Department Receives Awards for Section 508 Best Practices (November 2003)- http://www.gcn.com/cgi-bin/udt/im.display.printable?client.id=gcndaily2&story.id=24089
According to the November 2003 award information on the site,
"...The Education Department and the Patent and Trademark Office developed programs to integrate Section 508 accessibility requirements into all phases of their IT plans. For their efforts, the agencies today received the first Government Best Practices awards at the IDEAS conference in Washington.
Education’s Assistive Technology Program in the CIO’s office assesses individual employee needs to overcome accessibility barriers to using IT systems. It also identifies technology sources, provides acquisition assistance, technology installation, training and reviews Web systems for department bureaus and other federal agencies..."Telecommunications access issues and related laws.
US Department of Justice - Americans With Disabilities Act ADA Home Page